Guides and Templates

It is important that authors follow the prescribed style for their submissions. We assume that authors will have access to LATEX or Microsoft Word to format their documents and can use a Web browser to download style files. Please ensure that you are using the latest template or style file with your submission.

Electronic templates for producing the camera-ready copy are available for LATEX and Word:

All current format files can be downloaded in a single zip file here.

Authors who have questions about these electronic templates should send them to by electronic mail.

Advice on Common Format Issues

During the writing and submission process, we ask authors to bear in mind the following stylistic requirements:

To ensure you are referencing other works correctly, please refer to the following section.

Citations and References

Please use the APA reference format given below. If you rely on the LATEX bibliographic facility, use the file cogsysapa.bst (above) with the natbib package (or similar) to obtain this format. These require you to place your references in a separate file with a .bib extension, as explained in the LATEX manual.

In-line references

Citations within the text should include the authors' last names and the year.

If the authors' names are included as part of the sentence, place only the year in parentheses, as in Jones and VanLehn (1994), but otherwise place the entire reference in parentheses, with the authors separated by an ampersand (Jones & VanLehn, 1984), and the authors and year separated by a comma (Laird, Rosenbloom, & Newell, 1984). When citing a source within an existing pair of parentheses, you should not add a nested pair (for example, Choi, 2010).

List multiple references alphabetically and separate them by semicolons (Newell & Simon, 1972; VanLehn, 1989). When a citation involves three or fewer authors, list them all (Laird, Rosenbloom, & Newell, 1984) on the first occurrence and use the 'et al.' construction thereafter. When a citation involves four or more authors, use 'et al.' even on the first occurrence (Shapiro et al., 2004).

The Advances in Cognitive Systems LATEX style files support the use of the natbib package which provides a number of commands for generating appropriately-formatted citations, including \citet, \citep, \citeauthor, and \citeyear.

Reference list

Use an unnumbered first-level section heading for the references, and use a hanging indent style, with the first line of the reference flush against the left margin and subsequent lines indented by 10 points.

Alphabetize references in both the text and at its end by the surnames of the first authors, with single author entries preceding multiple author entries. Order references for the same authors by year of publication, with the earliest first.

Example entries for various types of publication in a reference list are given below.

Journal article examples:

Forbus, K. D. (1984). Qualitative process theory. Artificial Intelligence, 24, 85-168.

Derbinsky, N., & Laird, J. E. (in press). Effective and efficient forgetting of learned knowledge in Soar's working and procedural memories. Cognitive Systems Research.

Lillard, A. (1993). Young children's conceptualization of pretense: Action or mental representational state? Child Development, 64, 372-386.
Conference publication examples:

Laird, J. E., Rosenbloom, P. S., & Newell, A. (1984). Towards chunking as a general learning mechanism. Proceedings of the Fourth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (pp. 188-192). Austin, TX: Morgan Kaufmann.

Langley, P. (2000). The maturing science of machine learning. Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Conference on Machine Learning (pp. xi-xii). Stanford, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.

Nirenburg, S., McShane, M., & Beale, S. (2008). A simulated physiological/cognitive "double agent". Proceedings of the AAAI 2008 Fall Symposium on Naturally Inspired Cognitive Architectures. Arlington, VA: AAAI Press.
Book chapter examples:

Feigenbaum, E. A. (1963). The simulation of verbal learning behavior. In E. A. Feigenbaum & J. Feldman (Eds.), Computers and thought. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Mitchell, T. M., & Thrun, S. (1993). Explanation-based neural network learning for robot control. In S. J. Hanson, J. Cowan, & C. L. Giles (Eds.), Advances in neural information processing systems 5, 287-294. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.

VanLehn, K. (1989). Problem solving and cognitive skill acquisition. In M. I. Posner (Ed.), Foundations of cognitive science. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Book examples:

de Groot, A. D. (1965).Thought and choice in chess. The Hague: Morton.

Lewis, D. (1973). Counterfactuals. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Newell, A., & Simon, H. A. (1972). Human problem solving. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Edited volume examples:

Greiner, R. (Ed.). (1997). Computational learning theory and natural learning systems (Vol. 4). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Schwering, A., Krumnack, U., Kühnberger, K.-U., & Gust, H. (Eds.). (2007). Analogies: Integrating multiple cognitive abilities. Osnabrück, Germany: Institute of Cognitive Science.

Shrager, J., & Langley, P. (Eds.). (1990). Computational models of scientific discovery and theory formation. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann.
Technical report examples:

Lebiere, C., & Wray, R. (Eds.). (2006). Between a rock and a hard place: Cognitive science principles meet AI-hard problems (Technical Report SS-06-02). AAAI, Menlo Park, CA.

Shapiro, D., Billman, D., Marker, M., & Langley, P. (2004). A human-centered approach to monitoring complex dynamic systems (Technical Report). Institute for the Study of Learning and Expertise, Palo Alto, CA.

Yamauchi, B., Langley, P., Schultz, A. C., Grefenstette, J., & Adams, W. (1998). Magellan: An integrated adaptive architecture for mobile robotics (Technical Report 98-2). Institute for the Study of Learning and Expertise, Palo Alto, CA.
Dissertation examples:

Botkin, J. W. (1973). An intuitive computer system: A cognitive approach to the management learning process. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard Business School, Boston, MA.

Cassimatis, N. L. (2002). Polyscheme: A cognitive architecture for integrating multiple representation and inference schemes. Doctoral dissertation, Media Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.

Choi, D. (2010). Coordinated execution and goal management in a reactive cognitive architecture. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA.
Website examples:

Cognitive Systems Foundation. (2012). Formatting for Advances in Cognitive Systems. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from

Journal of Machine Learning Research. (2000). JMLR Announcements. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from

The Soar Group. (2012). Getting Started with Soar. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from